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OMAN
Climate and Weather

Climate and Weather

Large temperature differences between the different seasons, but also between the north and the south, characterise Oman's climate. In winter, from November to March, it is sunny and warm. The daytime temperature is around 26°C and the nighttime temperature around 15°C. The summer months of May to October are hot with high humidity of up to 95%. In the desert areas, the temperature can reach 45-50 °C. The capital Muscat is one of the hottest cities in the world. In Dhofar, southern Oman, it is much less hot in the summer than in the rest of Oman. The monsoon (khareef) ensures that it "cools down" considerably, and the temperature does not exceed 32°C. In the Hajjar Mountains, it can be cold at only 5°C in winter.

The average annual rainfall is between 200 and 500 mm, usually in short heavy showers. In Muscat, on the other hand, the average annual rainfall is only 100 mm. To the west of the Hajjar Mountains, the least rain falls as the mountains hold back the rain. In winter, the average monthly rainfall is one to two days. The number of hours of sunshine per day varies from eight hours in winter to 12 hours in summer. The seawater temperature ranges from about 18°C in February to about 30°C in August.


Sources

Callan, L. / Oman & United Arab Emirates
Lonely Planet

Foster, L.M. / Oman
Children’s Press

Medani Elsayed, M. / Reishandboek Oman en de Verenigde Arabische Emiraten
Elmar

Van Deuren, G. / Oman, Verenigde Arabische Emiraten
Gottmer/Becht

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated January 2024
Copyright: Team The World of Info