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Micronesia has a total population of approximately 525,000, a high birth rate and one of the highest percentages of people under the age of 18. The people of the eastern and central islands are mainly of Melanesian descent. The people of the western islands are generally of Southeast Asian descent. The Micronesian tribes and peoples evolved in a relatively isolated environment so that they could maintain their indigenous culture for a long time.

The Chamorro of the Mariana Islands were the only ones who were more or less forced to form a mengrass with the Spaniards as early as the seventeenth century. The Northern Mariana Islands and Guam are also home to many immigrants from countries outside Micronesia. The Northern Mariana Islands had 52,263 inhabitants in July 2017. Of these, approximately 90% live on the island of Saipan and each 5% on the islands of Tinian and Rota. The number of inhabitants per km2 is approximately 114. More than half of the population are foreigners, mainly from China, South Korea and the Philippines. Of the original population, 75% are Chamorro and the rest are from the Caroline Islands who arrived in their canoes about a century ago.

The population decreased by -0.51% in 2017. The Northern Mariana Islands have a relatively young population and few people aged 65 and over. Of the population, 26.6% are between 0 and 14 years old, 68% are between 15 and 64 years old and 5.4% are 65 years and older (2017). The average life expectancy is around 75.4 years.


Galbraith, K. / Micronesia
Lonely Planet

Levy, N. / Micronesia handbook

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
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