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Nicaragua has a population of 6,025,951 (2017). The population density is about 46 inhabitants per square kilometre.

The natural population growth rate is 0.98%. (2017)
Birth rate per 1,000 inhabitants is 17.7 (2017)
Death rate per 1000 inhabitants is 5.1 (2017)
Life expectancy is 73.5 years. (men 71.3 and women 75.8 years (2017)

Several population groups live in Nicaragua. For example, 69 percent of the population are mestizos, 17 percent are whites, 9 percent are blacks and 5 percent are Indians.


The official language of Nicaragua is Spanish. Furthermore, Creole, Misquito and English are spoken.


Most of Nicaragua's inhabitants are Roman Catholic (72.9 per cent). The rest of the population is predominantly Protestant.


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CIA - World Factbook

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Last updated May 2024
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