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Climate and Weather

Climate and Weather

Myanmar has a tropical monsoon climate and in the north a desert climate. Myanmar has three seasons: a rainy season (June-October), a cool season (November-February) and a hot season (March-May). In the Delta and along the coast the most precipitation falls.

In the warm rainy season, the wet southwest monsoon, from the Bay of Bengal, brings heavy rainfall. It rains almost every day during this period, especially in the afternoon and evening, but the amounts can vary a lot from region to region. For example, in Yangon, on the Gulf of Martaban, around 2,600 mm fall each year. The central plain of Myanmar lies in the rain shadow of the Rakhine Yoma Mountains and has about the same amount of precipitation as the Netherlands, about 760 mm (Mandalay: 871 mm per year). This also applies to the Shan plateau. Most rain falls in the northern hilly country with about 3500 mm. Peaks of up to 5000 mm occur in the coastal areas of Tanintharyi and Rakhine, and are caused by torrential rains. Between November and May, a dry northeast monsoon blows from China, which ensures a dry period. It then becomes hotter every month and only in May do the first rains bring some coolness. Myanmar is best visited in the cool season. In the hills and mountains it is even then quite fresh with temperatures around 15 ° C.

In the hot dry season it is on average 31°C in Yangon and on the central plain around Bagan, the temperature can easily reach 40°C. Again, it is best to be in the hills and mountains then, where temperatures do not exceed 25°C.


Hulst, H. / Birma: (Myanmar)
KIT Publishers/Oxfam Novib

K├Âllner, H. / Myanmar (Birma)
Het Spectrum

Myat Yin, S. / Burma
Times Books

Peterse, L. / Birma (Myanmar)

Reid, R. / Myanmar (Burma)
Lonely Planet


CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
Copyright: Team The World of Info