Cities in IRAQ
The population of Iraq is 39,192,111 (2017 estimate). The population density is almost 90 inhabitants per square kilometre.
The natural population growth rate is 2.55%. (2017)
Birth rate per 1000 inhabitants is 30.4 (2017)
Death rate per 1000 inhabitants is 3.8 (2017)
Life expectancy is 74.9 years, men 72.6 and women 77.2 (2017)
Turkoman and other small minority groups like Persians, Armenians and Assyrians 5%
The official language is Arabic; in northern Iraq, Kurdish is widely spoken. There are also some smaller minority languages.
Some pronunciation rules of Arabic:
-all letters are pronounced
-A ' means that a letter is pronounced very briefly.
-the r is a rolling r
-The y is pronounced as sj
-the sh is pronounced as sj
-the gh is pronounced like a brew r or French r
-The kh is pronounced as a hard g.
-The ou is pronounced like the oe
There is no fixed Dutch spelling for Arabic words. The names are written as they are pronounced. So Aqaba can just as well be spelled as Akaba.
Arabic is written from right to left and consists of 28 consonants. Vowels are not written, which results in different Latin spellings for the same word. Arabic numerals are written from left to right.
Some words and phrases:
|One||wahed, female: wahda|
|Sunday||yom el had|
|Wednesday||yom el ’arba’|
|Where is the hotel?||fen el fondok?|
|What time is it?||essa’a kam?|
|What is your name?||‘esm-ak ‘ak? (man)|
|What is your name?||‘esm-ek ‘eh? (woman)|
|Do you have change?||‘andokom fakka?|
The majority of Iraqis are Muslim (96%). The Shiites are the largest group with 60-65% adherents, followed by the Sunnis with 32-37% adherents. There are also 4% Christians and followers of other religions in Iraq.
CIA - World Factbook
BBC - Country Profiles
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