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Guinea-Bissau is home to 1,792,338 people (2017). The population density is about 50 inhabitants per square kilometre.

The natural population growth rate is 1.86%. (2017)
Birth rate per 1000 inhabitants is 32.5 (2017)
Death rate per 1000 inhabitants is 13.9 (2017)
Life expectancy is 51 years. (males 48.9 and females 53.1 years (2017)

99% of the inhabitants of Buinee-Bissau are native Africans. There are over twenty tribes living in the country. The original inhabitants of the country are the Balanta. About a quarter of the population belongs to this tribe. They live, together with the Muslim Mandinga and the Fula, in the coastal area. Tribes like Manjaco and Pepel live in the west. Less than 1% of the population are Europeans.


Portuguese is the official language of Guinea-Bissau. Crioulo, Balante, Mandinga, Fula, Mancanha, Papel and Manjaco are also spoken, as well as many smaller indigenous languages.


The population predominantly adheres to indigenous religions (54%). Islamic is 38% and Christian is 8% of the population.


Elmar Landeninformatie

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
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