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Climate and Weather

Cities in GEORGIA


Climate and Weather

Georgia is protected from the cold air from the north by Caucasus mountains and receives warm, humid air from the Black Sea. West Georgia has a humid subtropical climate, while East Georgia's climate varies from humid to rather dry and more continental. Above 2500 metres there is an alpine climate without real summers and above 3500 metres there is snow and ice all year round. The plateaus and slopes of the Small Caucasus are drier and have a steppe climate.

The weather in the Caucasus is generally more stable than in the Alps. July and August have the best weather for tourists, but even then the temperature above 3000 metres can drop to -10°C. Below 700 metres, even in the coldest month of January, the temperature almost never drops below freezing. The warmest month is July with an average of 25°C in the lowlands. Temperatures in the mountains range from an average of -4.6°C in February to 16.4°C in July and August.

In Svaneti, winter lasts on average eight months with an average temperature of -15°C. On the high treeless plateaus of Javakheti, temperatures can drop to -30°C. On the coast of Adjara, the temperature ranges from 5.8°C in January to 23.8°C in August. In East Georgia, the temperature ranges from 0.5°C in January to 23°C in August and in the South from -2.1°C in January to 20.1°C in August.

West Georgia experiences heavy rainfall throughout the year, reaching 2,800 mm in Abkhazia and Adjara. In the east of the country, there is only 300-600 mm of precipitation per year (Tbilisi: 462 mm). In the high mountains there is about 1800 mm per year.

The number of sunny hours is between 1350 and 2520 per year.



Burford, T. / Georgia
Bradt Publications

Georgia, Armenia & Azerbaijan
Lonely Planet

Rosen, R. / Georgia
Odyssey Publications

Spilling, M. / Georgia
Marshall Cavendish

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
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