Dominica is a parliamentary democracy and has been independent since 3 November 1978. The head of state of the island is the president who is elected by the parliament every five years. For the current political situation, see history section.
In agriculture, the export of bananas and coconut is the main source of income for the inhabitants of the island. Banana plantations can be found all over the island. Carib Indians are also active in the cultivation of bananas; only a small group of Indians is engaged in handicrafts. Fishing is a second important source of income. The waters have guaranteed a rich catch for years. Forestry and cattle-breeding are still only moderately developed. Of increasing importance for the economy is the export of soap and especially the development of (eco)tourism. The GDP per capita is $ 11,100 but 29% of the population is below the poverty line. (2017)
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