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A total of 73,897 people live in Dominica in 2017. 70 per cent of the population live in urban areas mainly in the capital Roseau and 30 per cent live in rural areas. The main population groups are blacks and Caribs. Part of the population is descended from slaves from Africa and part is descended from slaves from the neighbouring island of Martinique. The Carib Indians are the last descendants of the people who once dominated all the islands in the Caribbean. The Indians have been integrated into Dominican society in recent years, changing their lives in many ways.

The natural population growth rate is 0.18%. (2017)
Birth rate per 1000 inhabitants is 15.1 (2017)
Death rate per 1000 inhabitants is 7.9 (2017)
Life expectancy is 77.2 years. (Men 74.2 and women 80.3 years (2017)


The official language is English, but Creole-French is widely spoken by the Dominicans. Creole is a unique mixture of languages including French, Caribe, and African grammatical rules and vocabulary. The dialect known as Kokoy is another Creole language. Kokoy is a form of Pidgin English comprising a mixture of Dominican creole.


Christianity is the religion of the majority in Dominica. Eighty per cent of the population is Roman Catholic compared to 15 per cent Protestant. The remaining residents have no religious affiliation. The Constitution of Dominica provides for the freedom of religion.


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CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated March 2024
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