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Cameroon has a population of almost 25 million (2017). The population density is 52 inhabitants per square kilometre.

The natural population growth rate is 2.6%. (2017)
Birth rate per 1000 inhabitants is 35.4 (2017)
Death rate per 1000 inhabitants is 9.6 (2017)
Life expectancy is 59 years. (men 57.6 and women 60.4 years (2017)

There are more than 100 ethnic groups, of which the Bantus (Basa, Bakoko and Fang), the Bamiléké and the Fulani (Sudanese) are the most prominent.


French and English are both official languages in Cameroon. Languages from 24 different African language families are also spoken, including Bantu.


The inhabitants of Cameroon adhere to the following religions: Christianity (40%), indigenous religions (40%) and Islam (20%). In March 2009, Pope Benedict visited Cameroon and held up Cameroon as an example of peaceful coexistence between Muslims and Christians.


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CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated April 2024
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