Burkina Faso PopulationPhoto: Public domain
More than 20 million people live in Burkina Faso (2017). The population density is approximately 73 inhabitants per square kilometer.
- Natural population growth is 3%. (2017)
- Birth rate per 1000 inhabitants is 41.2 (2017)
- Mortality rate per 1000 inhabitants is 11.2 (2017)
- Life expectancy is 55.9 years. (men 53.8 and women 58 years (2017)
All of the above figures can change quickly and significantly in connection with the AIDS epidemic.
More than 50% of the inhabitants of Burkina Faso belong to the Mossi. The Mossi live in the central part of the country. The nomadic Fulani live in the north of the country. Other important minorities are the Lobi, the Mandé, the Bobo and the Gourma. The French make up the bulk of the foreigners living in Burkina Faso.
French Language MapPhoto: Public domain
French is the official language of Burkina Faso, but only 15% of the population speaks it at home. Indigenous languages are mainly spoken there. Mossi or Moré is the language spoken by more than 50% of the population, especially in the region around the capital Ouagadougou. Other important languages are Fulfulde and Dioula. These three languages have national status, unlike the many other indigenous languages spoken in Burkina Faso.
Burkina Faso MosquePhoto: Semiliki CC 3.0 Unported no changes made
About half of Burkina Faso's population is Muslim. 40% of the population profess traditional nature religions. The rest (about 10%) are Christian, mostly Roman Catholic.
CIA - World Factbook
BBC - Country Profiles
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