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UZBEKISTAN
Vacations and Sightseeing

Basic information
Official languageUzbek
CapitalTashkent
Area447.400 kmĀ²
Population34,303,572  (2021)
Currencyso'm  (UKS)
Web.uz
Code.UZB
Tel.+998

Vacations and Sightseeing

Samarkand is the second city of Uzbekistan, but the most important one in terms of tourism. It was one of the most famous cities on the Silk Road. Samarkand has a mythical name a bit like Atlantis. The biggest attractions here are the Rehistan, which is a square with a number of madrassas that are Koranic schools. These madrassas are immense and have beautiful blue mosaics. Also of interest are the mausoleum of Hodja-Abdu-Darun and Gur-Emir, and the Bibi-Khanum mosque. These were built between the 14th and 16th centuries and are on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Khiva existed already in the 8th century and served as a small fortress on the Silk Road. In the middle of the 16th century, Khiva became the capital of the Khans of Khiva. It then became an important city and had the most important slave market in Central Asia. The historical heart of Khiva has been completely preserved. In Khiva, you can see the brown colour of Bukhara in the beautiful mosaics. Parts of the walled city are still inhabited. The citadel Kunya Ark and the wooden pillars of the Juma mosque are well worth seeing.

Buchara lies on the edge of the Kyzylkum desert and is one of the oldest caravan cities in central Asia. The old city centre of Buchara is one of the best preserved cities in the Islamic world. There is a long caravan serai and a picturesque bazaar where everything is for sale. The world-famous mausoleum of Ismail-Samani from the 10th century is one of the most elegant in Central Asia. The Kaylan Mosque from the 12th century, with its 47-metre high minaret, is also an attraction. There are a total of 140 protected buildings in the city, including the Mir-al-Arab and Abdul-Azziz madrasahs.


Sources

Elmar landeninformatie

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated November 2023
Copyright: Team The World of Info