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Geography and Landscape

Basic information
Official languageKorean
Area120.538 kmĀ²
Population25,972,591  (2021)
CurrencyNorth Korean won  (KPW)

Geography and Landscape


North Korea is located in East Asia and occupies the northern part of the Korean peninsula between the Bay of Korea and the China Sea. North Korea borders China, South Korea and Russia. The surface area of North Korea is 120,540 square kilometres.

Korean Peninsula Satellite PhotoKorean Peninsula Satellite PhotoPhoto: Public domain


The landscape is strongly mountainous, with high peaks and narrow, deep valleys. The most prominent mountain range is Nangnim-Sanmaek in the north-central region. Mount Paekdusan, on the border with China, is the highest mountain (2744 metres). Fertile lowlands are mainly found on the west coast and along some broad rivers. These often start in the mountains on the east coast and flow into the Yellow Sea. The Yalu (or Amnok) is the longest river and forms part of the border with China.

Paekdusan, on the border of Chian and North KoreaPaekdusan, on the border of Chian and North KoreaPhoto: Uri Tours ( CC 2.0 Generic no changes made

Climate and Weather

North Korea has a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters. Especially in the north, the winters are very severe. Most of the rain falls in the summer months. In the months of April/May and October it is dry and temperatures are pleasant.

Plants and Animals


Some mountain slopes are still covered with extensive coniferous forests (pine, spruce, larch and pine) but most of the forest has been cut down, especially in the lowlands.


Large mammals, including bears, wolves, leopards and tigers, have become extremely rare and sometimes almost disappeared.


Elmar Landeninformatie

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated June 2024
Copyright: Team The World of Info