The population of Iran is 82,021,564 (2017). The population density is over 50 inhabitants per square kilometre.
- The natural population growth rate is 1.24. (2017)
- The birth rate per 1000 inhabitants is 17.9 (2017)
- The mortality rate per 1000 inhabitants is 5.3 (2017)
- Life expectancy is 74 years, men 72.7 and women 75.5. (2017)
The migrating peoples who passed through Iran produced an ethnically mixed population. The greatest influence comes from Central Asia. Broadly speaking, the following groups can be distinguished:
- Persians 61%
- Azerbaijanis 16%
- Kurds 10%
- Others 13%
The official language of Iran is Farsi (Persian). In addition, many local dialects are spoken, of which Turkish and Kurdish are the most important.
The majority of the population is Shiite Muslim. In addition, there are religious minorities including Zoroastrians, Sunnis (the Kurds), Jews and Christians.
CIA - World Factbook
BBC - Country ProfilesLast updated January 2023
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