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CHAD
Population

Population

The population of Chad is 12,075,985 (2017). The population density is about 9.4 inhabitants per square kilometre.

A total of about 200 ethnic population groups live there. The Sara is the largest ethnic group. They live together with the Hausa and Hamitic groups in the southwest of the country. In the north of Chad live the Tibboe, the Kanuri and the Tuareg. In the north and centre of Chad, the Islamic population groups predominate, including the Toubou, the Fulbe, the Hadjerai, the Kotoko, the Baguirmi, the Boulala, the Kanembou, the Maba and the Zaghawa.

Language

French and Arabic are the official languages of Chad. In addition, Sra is spoken, as well as numerous other indigenous languages and dialects.

Some pronunciation rules of Arabic:

There is no fixed spelling for Arabic words. The names are written as they are pronounced. So Aqaba can be spelled just as well as Aqaba.

The Arabic script is written from right to left and consists of 28 consonants. Vowels are not written, which results in different Latin spellings for one and the same word. Arabic numerals are written from left to right.

Some words:

EnglishArabic
Onewahed, female: wahda
Twoetnen
Threetalata
Ten‘ashra
Hundredmeyya
Thousand‘alf
Sundayyom el had
Wednesdayyom el ’arba’
Yes‘aywa
Nola’
Summersef
Wintersheta
Where is the hotel?fen el fondok?
What time is it?essa’a kam?
What is your name?‘esm-ak ‘ak? (man)
What is your name?‘esm-ek ‘eh? (woman)
Do you have change?‘andokom fakka?

Religion

The north of Chad is predominantly Muslim. In the south, the population is Christian or animist.

Sources

Elmar Landeninformatie

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated December 2022
Copyright: Team The World of Info